Option 1: Environmental Pollution Scenario Review and
You are an associate-level environmental scientist in a large urban city. The
growing human population within the city increases pressure on the
infrastructure and natural resources, affecting the environment. As cities
expand, they cut deeper into surrounding rural areas, causing environmental
problems, such as the loss of wetlands, loss of biological habitats, and air
and water pollution. The high density of automobiles, factories, and commercial
enterprises in urban areas adds to airborne emissions, including particulate
matter, various types of oxides, and hazardous volatile compounds.
Your selected city is experiencing rapid growth in population. The City Council
is worried that this pattern of population growth, combined with concerns over
climate change, is beginning to create a number of negative environmental,
economic, and social consequences. These include deteriorating infrastructure,
increasing traffic congestion, declining air and water quality, and the loss of
open space. The City Council has charged you with writing a report that will
recommend measures to address the pollution issues and reduce carbon emissions.
Make decisions on the optimal measures for addressing the pollution management
issue. Choose four of the following measures based on pollution reduction:
• Pollution control legislation for point sources
• Random emission testing
• Encouraging alternative transportation, walking, and bicycle use
• Promoting fuel-efficient cars
• Establishing green spaces or urban forestry
• Improving roads
• Encouraging carpooling
Write a 700- to 1,050-word summary briefly describing the background
information and details. Include the following information:
• Describe your selected measures.
• From an environmental science and climate change perspective, describe the
potential effectiveness of your selected measures.
• Trade-offs for the various pollution reduction measures, including potential
improvements in human and ecosystem health: For example, bringing in
legislation to INSTALL pollution control devices in factories may sound like an
effective choice, but installation of such devices is a huge expense, and there
is likelihood of strong opposition by business groups.
• Explain the following statement: “Decision-making about environmental issues
necessitates the maintenance of a fine BALANCE between the effectiveness of
measures and the public reaction towards them.”
Include at least two outside references. Format your summary consistent with
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