Guidelines for the
Outline/Proposal: (2 separate things)
An outline (one and one half pages)
and aproposal (two to
three pages) of your intended project are due. Quality proposals and
outlines will not merely describe or find information but will have a strong
and original point of view. The highest points are conferred for originality,
An outline is a
convenience to help you tack down the topics you hope to cover in a Final
Paper, and a proposal is the extended and full description of your project (as
best you know it at the time of writing). Understand that you are making a best
effort to describe your project early on, but allow yourself to be open to
growth and change as you conduct research and focus your intentions.
Guidelines for Annotations
A good annotated
bibliography provides the publication details, describes the key points of the
source, uncovers controversies introduced by the source, and evaluates the
merits of the source. Each of your three
(minimal) to five (maximal) annotations should be approximately 200–250
Should Included all of these:
1. It should establish the title, author,
journal, and page numbers.
2. It should briefly summarize the article,
book, or chapter.
3. It should analyze the text—say what the
implications are, what assumptions are held, what historical context is
represented, and the like.
4. It should locate at least one quotation
to be used in your paper.
5. It should evaluate—say whether you agree, disagree, and
Guidelines for the
The essay must be five to seven double-spaced pages in length
(not including the title or reference pages).
Include a minimum of three and a maximum
of five scholarly sources.
The margins should be
no more than one in. (right and left).
The essay should be
composed in 12-point Times New Roman or Arial font.
All of the sources
must be documented and cited using APA format.
Please included ( In- text reference as well)
Look at these for the topic that you can choose from !
Here are some sample assignments, which you may elect to
use or not use.
Compare the culture that produced the Venus
de Willendorf with the culture that produces the Barbie doll. What common
themes do you see in the Paleolithic culture that we share or have rejected in
modern culture? Consider whether we worship Barbie, and if so, how? Consider
society’s view of women in the Barbie era compared to that which the
artifactual record suggests was the view of Paleolithic women.
Regard Plato’s view of the ideal from his Allegory
of the Cave and compare it to Aristotle’s essay, Rhetoric. Plato
believed that artistic language was downright evil, because it could persuade
weak-minded people to enact unethical behaviors. He believed, for example, that
the bed the artist made was closer to the ideal in that even though it was a
shadow of the ideal, it at least had function. However, the bed that the artist
made was furthest from the ideal and was a shadow of a shadow and lacking even
functional utility. Aristotle, on the other hand, believed that the only way to
get to the ideal was through the abstractions of language and that the artist’s
bed captured the essence of bed far better than the carpenter’s bed; that is,
to live in a reasoned and logos-centric attitude of thought was to be closest
to the ideal.
What does the term the Dark
Ages mean? In what ways were the Dark Ages dark? In what ways was this
society inadvertently preparing to emerge in modernity through the preservation
of classical literature and scripture? What particular impact did Ireland have
in the world that would emerge from the Dark Ages? Consider the literature
produced in early Old English, a Germanic language with a Celtic imagination,
expressed in Arthurian legend. What do these breathtaking legends of knights
and honor have to do with our modern sense of ethics? What is the chivalric
The early modern (what used to be called the
Renaissance) period followed the Middle Ages (which followed the presumably
Dark Ages) and is a time––indeed, a very long time––in which there was a
rebirth (the literal meaning of the word Renaissance) of classical culture. In
this rebirth, classical literature and scripture flourished. And those who will
have studied the Dark Ages may recognize that it was those secluded Irish monks
who copiously hand copied and illuminated scripture and classical literature
that they then reintroduced via Scotland and England into the rest of Europe
(effectively jump-starting the university system). And thus a Renaissance began
in the temperate climate of Italy and mushroomed northward and culminated (for
the study of Western civilization’s purposes) in Renaissance England.
Renaissance England produced one of the greatest authors in the history of the
Western world—Shakespeare. Although many of us find his language to be distant,
his take on relationships, the appropriateness of sovereignty, and such issues
as murder and revenge and law and justice are viewed in modern terms. Examine Hamlet
as a revenge tragedy. In what ways did Shakespeare set Hamlet up for
conflict, that is, to avenge his dead father’s honor against the unspeakable
crime of fratricide, while commenting on the barbarity of revenge?
Find a modern revenge drama and detail the
ways in which the drama you chose and Hamlet inform each other. In other
words, looking at literature is not a one-way street, as if the past only has
impact on the present. Quite the contrary, the past and present are in dialogue
with each other. Look at how modern revenge motifs help us to understand some
of Hamlet’s moral misgivings and the complexities of his choices. For the truly
ambitious, you might connect both Hamlet and a modern revenge drama to
archetypal literature, such as the descent into hell and the return seen in
literature of antiquity.
Consider the psychological and physical
traumas faced by women who had no control over their reproductive organs. In
what way is Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein a psychological representation
of her fear of childbirth?
Read T. S. Eliot’s great modernist poem
“The Waste Land” and his essay Tradition and the Individual Talent.
To what extent do you think Eliot is successful in demonstrating poetry that
emerges not from emotional states but from rather cunning and completely
self-aware states that emphasize not the catharsis of the poet’s emotions but
are geared to producing catharsis in the audience?
Throughout American history, music becomes
critically important. Look at the music that led up to civil rights. You may
wish to select specific musical pieces, such as Billie Holiday’s “Strange
Fruit”––a song written by a New York Jewish man who gave the song to Holiday.
You also might consider Irving Berlin’s “Suppertime,” which was made famous on
Broadway by Ethel Waters. Both songs explore the practice of lynching African
American men. These collaborations, particularly between Jewish intellectuals
and early African American social activists, are critically important and grow
in intensity, leading to the freedom singers of the late 1950s and 1960s. These
include Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, and many more who joined
hands with Martin Luther King, Mahalia Jackson, Harry Belafonte, Odetta, and
many others. Civil rights could never have occurred without interracial
collaborations. Even Harry Truman, a Missouri-raised man of his historical
context, was able to rise above his social and political encoding and began the
civil rights movement in America through the legislation he introduced.
the impact of the Vietnam War on American culture. In the decades prior to the
1980s, two issues beset American culture: civil rights and the Vietnam War.
Both were televised directly into living rooms on all three channels. On
college campuses throughout the world, but especially on American campuses,
antiwar protests were routine. Hippies often were thought to conduct themselves
on the premises of antiwar, free sex, and lots of drugs. The music that emerged
from this era is still famously current and listened to today. It was an era of
convertibles, gas guzzlers, freedom, and endless summers. Then that generation
grew into adults––your parents and grandparents. Writing with sensitivity to
the nuances of the era, what